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, or is that in many ways consequential? then if you look at delhi, it is an amazing and -- it is a very odd city in terms of its development. it is engaged in what you might call high modernism, with a city that is growing into the sea and sky with artificial islands and also high-rises. but it is also a city where you have relatively little urban tradition. and the urban tradition that is that they are a state directed and it is an urban tradition where the government deliberately tries to create a sort of parity. so the questions that i have for myself or to what extent does all of this mean, and how blasting as this? is it something that is fleeting and we have countries that have long shape the region. the more i studied this, the more i realized a couple of things. i realized that qatar is a success story. it is not unqualified success, but in many ways it is a success story, and that's where it needs to be told. i also realized that there is a series of developments and factors that have converged at the same time to resolve in what might be called qatar's moment in history and that is wha
was about 500 in 1900. by 1910 it was almost 8,000. >> welcome to core delain, idaho, known as the lake city, it's situated in the northern pan and l of idaho and is home to about 44,000 people. >> the biggest legacy of all is all the careers she started. all the people all over the state who got their start from louise shadegg, and the way she did it, by being nice to people. people knew, if they were in politics, they wanted to be friends with louise. .. a we think it was first used in the first place by some of the french-speaking who were with the british company that moved down into this area. as a tribe that lived around lake coeur d'alene would travel up to the trading post new the canadian border, for some reason we think because they were extremely -- today we see this person is sharp as a tack. the sharpest little tool was this awl, so they started calling the indians when it went up to trade it would take days to trade and so they got -- somehow refer to them as coeur d'alene which means people with hearts as sharp as the point of a awl. for some reason the name got attached to th
city system have invested in infrastructure. the california systems have done the same thing. we've also done we training or the trade to the jobs of tomorrow, and we've also done a whole bunch of work in terms of energy investments. so there's a lot of things you could do with this patient capital in terms of really helping reinvention the infrastructure. >> we're going to go next to sean higgins and then david. >> one of the issues that's come up in the detroit bankruptcy is that cities are museum, its collection is to -- something advocated sound is off to cover the city's debt. i was wondering as an educated if you support that or oppose it? >> let me just say that the educators in the city have been under a different kind of emergency manager for a long time. it was done in a much more come it was done with a lot of conversation back and forth in terms of the educators and the city. and, frankly, frankly our members in detroit have hugely sacrificed in the last two contracts in terms of taking pay cuts and other things, amounting to roughly about 10%. and they've actually no
. washington said i know when they are coming back to new york. so they come back to new york city and he says you can't face them. you can' can to be can't beat td so he has to use espionage and the guerrilla warfare. he has to be smarter bandanna. so it's only logical that we bring it to he needs a spy force, he needs his own cia and then you find out that he has a huge espionage background. he is noted from the french and indian war. to brush up on those skills so he tells the others this is what we are going to need to do. we need to find these people to help me out. >> host: to fill in the background tell us briefly what he did in the french and indian war. >> guest: i know that he was an officer where he had a chance to work with the french and find out what were they thinking here and there. he was able to pick up working with the british and they also made mistakes. he was a aggressive as a colonel at that point and he learned from that. that is another thing which i found fantastic about george washington who was on the side of a mountain. you would think no mistakes, he owned up to i
these devices which look extraordinarily like modern ipads, and if you were sending a message within the city of rome, then rather than using a piece of papyrus, you might use a wax tablet which was reusable. it was a wooden frame, and it had wax in the middle, and you would scratch your message using a stylus, and then you would send this message by messenger across the city, and the recipient would write tear answer underneath, and it would be brought back to you. and cicero refers to this. it was sort of roman texting, and it was also used as a note pad, and people looked to write using these things. they're exactly the same size and shape as a modern ipad. there's even a one-inch-wide frame around the outside. and there was also an example of roman murals where people were depicted holding what looked like, frankly, smartphones. and because they're using these very small wax tablets as notebooks, so it's one of these other unexpected connections between the way we do things today and the way the romans did it 2,000 years ago. >> host: and tom standage, you talk about the fact that the rom
no longer going to the city. they were, in fact, bypassing the cities and moving to suburb suburbia. that was happening all over the country, not just with hispanic immigrants, but all immigrants. i wr0 a story about that, and what they said was to professors was that this would have consequences. it would have consequences in terms of politics and elections, and we have seen that. also, in terms of tension and all kinds of things. i made a mental note to follow-up, and i never did. one of those things 245 reporters just move on to the next story, so when i heard about this, i thought this was in many ways a perfect follow-up bus everything that they said would happen in suburbia, and not far from here, i don't know if you have been there, but sussex is 60 miles, patchhook is 60 miles from new york city, and this situation was going on so near -- actually between new york city and the hamptons, and maybe not so many loss, but so many people from new york drive to the hamptons every weekends that maybe they don't look sideways and think, you know, this is going on here. these people
were no longer going to the city. they were in fact moving to suburbia. this was happening all over the country but only with hispanic immigrants but all immigrants. so i wrote a story about that. and what they said to the professors was that this would have consequences. it would have consequences in terms of politics and also in terms of tension and all kinds of things so i wrote a story in 1996 and i made a mental note to follow up and never did. it's one of those things reporters kind of move on to the next story. so when i heard about marcelo lucero, i thought this was in many ways sadly the perfect follow-up because everything that they said would happen in suburbia in fact happened. they don't know if you've ever been there but it's about 60 miles from new york city and this kind of situation was going on so near its actually between new york city and the hamptons and so many -- maybe not so many of us but people in new york dr. there every weekend but maybe they look sideways and think this is going on here, these people are our neighbors and it is happening right next door
'alene city as it began to expand, and then once the began to be more people move in the area, as result of while the fort was under construction, gold was discovered up in the mountains. the coeur d'alene mountains. and silver. and thousands of people came here. so if setting up of hotels and various boarding houses and pretty soon there's a hardware store and a general store and you have a 10. coeur d'alene was a transfer point to the gold and silver mines eventually by rail and by steamboat and then by rep again into the mining industry. and so we have all these people coming in to get in the mining district, they need this. and so that's the origin of the economy. what really changed, major change was when the fort was finally closed in 1898, and when they discovered a different route into the mining district, which people didn't have to go up and down the lake on steamboats. they were all rail lines around the lake. this little town was about to go under, but nobody knew this, while all of this is going on the our federal surveys going on in the entire pacific northwest determining
cities and looking specifically over what happened at those days in one of the hospitals that was surrounded by water. >> what is memorial hospital? >> memorial medical center was one of those longstanding community hospitals that had been built in 1926 and was the place people went for storms. staff would go there even if they didn't have to work. they brought along their pets sometimes. if you are going to work a hurricane you need somewhere for the pets, they brought family members and even checked an extra patient in who might not be safe at home. this was a place everybody thought was safe in a storm. >> they would ride out hurricanes like the 1965 hurricane. >> yes. what happened was this at several vulnerabilities that i learned many american hospitals do in flood zones and one of the was elements of the electrical power system were below flood level so when the water started approaching the hospital they knew they had to evacuate, city power was gone. they were relying on backup generators and they knew within hours how power would fail. when helicopters started l
, the schools. the school's like you have two kids, an intercity african-american city in june in second grade id and a white bush suburban kid in second grade, they can be at the same level in june when they graduate. when they come back in september. the white suburban kid gained one month of learning from the experience he had, and the african-american kid lost three months of learning. they are now four months apart in september, and the teachers, again, have different burdens; right? it's not they are getting a bad education. it's that the issues that those teachers teach are very different than the white suburban teachers face; right? that kid is ahead of what the teacher's going to teach them. this kid's three months behind, has to do second grade stuff all over again while trying to get third grade stuff. you see how it's a different challenge. what we're talking about is outside the school. i did not find in the research and through all the years of meeting that the problem was actually what you were insip waiting there, they got the wrong message in the school. it's what happens when
reconfigured as a landscape through the building of the futuristic cities and georgetown university along with other universities is housed in education city and there are all sorts of those that are science and technologies and the term artificial island and there are all sorts of mechanisms to pursue modernity as defined by the government and all of this is pursued by construction projects and the importance of this is not just in changing the early infrastructure. but in tying the state and bringing within the orbit of the state in the employ of the state, qatari business and entrepreneurs in each of these cities that are being built, one city, for example, slightly north and within it, there is doha land. not too different from disneyland. there is something called doha land. in and all of these are construction development projects, few of which the business community is drawn into the business community orbiting the state and political stability is in many ways purchased. political stability is insured. so there's remarkable political stability, which ties the business community for
if things go well, it's home and if not you have the option to go back to the other city. these people did not sometimes. so i think it depends. the person who was with marcelo that tonight, for example, when i met him he was the saddest person i talked to. he was just completely devastated. he is a man of deep religious faith. he had an experience happened to him once -- you read about it when he was a little boy but changed his life in terms of faith and religion. deeply religious. and yet, he was completely devastated by this event. he felt like nothing. he felt like if he could be hunted down like an animal, if he could see his friend getting killed, it's like he couldn't understand it, he couldn't compute. but the last time i saw him, he was in a relationship. he had a child, the person he was with had several children, say he was a stepdad, and he seemed if not happy but in a better place than when i met him. so you know, time heals sometimes and people move on. >> if one could assume that if thithishappens in other places,- speeto. >> one thing i found while report
the mysteries and miseries of new york i was already deeply interested working in new york city but i had to do something. i seized upon this book to make sense of it as a priority of social commentary. then either and the real blind that would go above all i also learned how the work also documented in the world of the happened ranging from the plays to the social description of the experienced george foster. i learned something of a european background subjected myself to read being much more than i could ever care to remember include the ladies of paris coming up to the episodic new york slums it is superior but the paper never quite came together i've wandered about to the grubs street potboiler and once the seminar was over but where i gave up
of their lives spreading to city to city, country to country seemingly overnight. today, that picture has transformed thanks to the courage and love of some of you in this room and around the world awareness soars, research surged, prevention, treatment, and care save millions of lives in the richest countries and the world's poorest countries as well. for many, with testing and access to the right treatment, the disease that was once a death sentence now comes with a good chance of a health department and wonderful life. you'll have a partner in me, and i said if the united states wanted to be the global leader in combating this disease, then we needed to agent like it by doing our part and by leading the world to do more together, and that's what we've done in partnership with some of you. we created the first aids strategy rooted in a simple vision, that every person should get access to a life extending care, regardless of age, gender, race, or ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender identity, or socioeconomic status. we continue to support the ryan white care act to help under served c
to the lake city in the northern panhandle of idaho. >> the biggest legacy is all of the career she started and the people all over the state who got their start from her. people knew if they were in politics they wanted to be friends with her. >> we will explore with area with local authors. >> it is located on perhaps of the most pufl beautiful lakes in the country. it is on the northern shore where the spokane river runs out of it. most people say coeur d'alene and we think it was used in the fur trade by french speaking people. as the tribe that lived around the lake and we say this person is as sharp as the tack. and the there were no tacks. but the sharp tool was this aul. and they started calling the indians, and they would go up to trade and it would take days. and they referred to them as people with hearts as sharp as the point of an aul. they began to call themselves the coeur d'alenes. and it on an early map soon. the lake they live around became known as lake coeur d'alene. when the first military fort was here it was named coeur d'alene and the little town around the fort was
called paradise. i thought it was pretty fascinating. eighteen cities called paradise. why were they called paradise? or they still paribas? so i rang and editor in london at a time when english magazines and newspaper editors spend money like drunken sailors. i said, cannot possibly gun visit. no, no problem at all. so the kind that you would never get today. i said well, the first one was out of florida which was a retirement community. moran gave way. and then -- well, one hopes. and then there was paradise pennsylvania which was just down the road from intercourse pennsylvania which excessively bloody. it was paradise arkansas and paradise montana. all had been ruled in one aspect, except one which was in her northwestern kansas. and therefore knew the geographical center of the continental u.s. so i went there. what turned out to be routine, i went to the post office. the postmaster and a said, i'm writing a piece about all the towns called paradise. she said to wallow, here in this old town of about two under and 50 people you have to stay with the patriarchs. in the villa
of us have worked on these multiple sites and randomized control towers, including recently in the city of detroit where people are randomizing mess with standard programs, going off on your own, getting benefits, good luck to you, or this kind of program. and so all of the cities, the same results have been found, reducing the health outcomes and it is a side effect of what is ultimately a job stimulus program. and we were seeing mess with stimulus where is our country had a recession on this at the exact same time and underwent an austerity program with a clip the recovery and now they are starting into a triple digit recession. and this ended for us around the time of the sequester when we started flattening things out in terms of the recovery. in the imf issued a paper and a major policy document. as well as a public statement from its chief economist. they were basically 400 pages of sidewalks. and it was a fascinating document if you can get through the rhetoric here. and that assumption is that for every dollar of government spending, how many dollars will we get back. and the im
republican. that is the 9% party. that's the record low party. if you go outside of the city that i love and that i love living in and working in, but clinically you go outside of the city and the republican party is a pretty vibrant party. we control 60% of the governors seats. we control a majority of the statehouses. we control the majority of the state senate seats in the statehouse seats. i mean you know look at what chris christie did in new jersey. look what scott walker's doing in wisconsin and these people that aren't just thriving in the deep south. i talk about this to matt. we have been trapped as the party of the deep south. basically all the places where i've lived, that is where republicans do well. florida, mississippi, alabama, georgia. if you live in new england the chances are pretty good you will be represented by a democrat. we have started to break out of that sort of deep south strategy and i talk how -- about how we can do that in the book. >> speaking of the book, does this work lacks. >> i'm joking. that one doesn't work. [laughter] >> it's interesting because y
are mired down in sacramento and frankly most of our city and county governments and most of our school boards and in washington dc. we are mired down in such petty and instructive and negative politics. surrounded by campaigns of such unending viciousness and dishonesty. the entire fabric of our system is at stake and we need to break out from this moment in american history. what i've found is that this is truly what makes this one of the most extraordinary times in american history. everywhere that you go, there are hard-working and intelligent people who are pioneers of the future. they are inventing things and energy. they are inventing things and transportation. they are inventing things and learning. they are inventing things going into space. they are be more effective and you go around and you say, show me the things that are most interesting that are happening right here in california. google has a self driving car which is covered over 600,000 miles, and given the way we came down from i'm not sure how many hours that we took. [laughter] >> and 600,000 miles it has been in on
. the city looked down and out. it almost looked like their football team. do you remember the new orleans saints? they were so pathetic that their fans were bags over their heads. all of the sudden after hurricane katrina, there's all these politicians trying to bring back new orleans. they all failed. they can get the city united. they can't bring it back. what brought back new orleans? what sent america on notice that new orleans was back was the new orleans saints super bowl run. that animated the city. it brought it to life. it showed us that new orleans -- the reports of its death are greatly exaggerated. i know there's some people who think that's silly that we unite behind the football team. why can't a city unite behind something higher and more noble than that? i don't know. it's just the fact that that's what they decide to unite behind. isn't that a good thing? shouldn't we be encouraging that? it's not just professional teams. looking taxes, high school football on friday nights, which that done to a committee. some of the college towns turn into metropolises on saturday. what
other. the old men who were the elders of the city and represent the old way of thinking and the women with water pots who now represent trying to clean out and cleanse the old ways and trying to instill a new way of thinking to get rid of wars, to end those things that are repugnant in society and embrace a new way of thinking. and so to two groups meet, and their leaders have at it. what is this, i see, you wretched old man? -- [inaudible] >> here's something new, a swarm of women standing pulpit outside to defend the gates. >> bark at us, will you, if you do not see the -- [inaudible] >> with oh, oh, shall we stop there -- [inaudible] suppose one of us were to break a stick across their backs, eh? >> set down our water pot on the ground. if they should tear to offer us -- they should dare to offer us violence. >> let someone knock to out two or three teeth to them. they won't talk so loud then. >> come on, then. unflinching force and no other bitch will ever grab your balls. >> silence, or my stick -- that that -- will cut your -- [inaudible] >> i will tear out your lungs and entrai
. while visiting the city, booktv spoke to robert carriker about his book. the book tells the story of the jesuit missionary who worked with the native american tribes of the pacific northwest. >> was a jesuit missionary who was the most prominent catholic missionary in the 19th 19th century. he came to the pacific northwest in 1840. he was invited by native people, but being invited by native people is not the same thing as getting an assignment from the jesuits. theurgies suit superior in st. louis would have -- the jesuit superior in st. louis would have too weigh what this extension of jesuits from st. louis was going to cost. he wad an administrator. so when father found these indians -- in fact they found him. what happened was he was a missioner in moon the indians at council bluff, iowa, and one day he saw a group of canoes beaching themselves in front of his mission. from the missouri river. he went down to greet them, and as he went down to greet them, he heard them speaking to one another in french. french. his native language. how could this be that they were speaking fr
in a selected tech. i would talk about the society, or a city killer? probably not. on the other hand, the lone wolf -- this is true for all weapons of mass destruction scenarios or all masculine scenarios. the lone wolf terrorist operates in essentially a vacuum but in terms of supervision, in terms of restrictions or limitations, in terms of any kind of filter on what is or isn't acceptable. the true lone wolf terrorist is only answerable to himself or herself. and, therefore, by the way that means that many of the traditional deterrent tactics that we use as governments, as militaries, as law-enforcement organizations, short of identifying and capturing the would be attacker, are essential not going to have very much about. the lone wolf operates without committees, without worrying about going before an appropriate board of any kind. he does what he can do when he wants to do it. he does it to his timetable. the one that -- high explosives fall well within the universe. that goes without saying. the one that is probably i think of the most significant concern in terms of its real footprint
all over new york -- >> guest: i hung out at a bar not far from my house and the new york city fire department and so i heard that -- i heard a little bit about that but i haven't gone back and listened to it around the mixed race marriage and -- >> host: it's like really we are going to talk about this for how long? >> guest: that was fun because remember these guys know i'm not one of them. i make it clear. i'm not going to try to pretend -- >> host: are they self-conscious about racism or not even? >> guest: that's the thing. it is utterly self-conscious. there is no -- there's the occasional, but there's never a sense of sexism because they are also proclaiming the shell bachmann or sarah palen. >> host: isn't it also because the rage is channeled through a person like an ex-wife -- >> guest: . >> host: but not necessarily. you have personal experience. >> guest: in our culture i actually think that it is far more permissible than racism. but we give you a good example about how to think about that. if you remember during the primary season of 2008 when clinton was running again
them on -- >> host: we've had several cases like this -- >> guest: how did the city deal with this absolutely horrific response by the coach? they'd be higher to him. so we are not talking about steubenville now we are talking about the entire town rallied behind the coach that runs interference for the players. this football player was right. he was entitled and everything worked out as he expected it would. so my feeling is that is what i want to interact. >> host: i understand that. it's a different point than the rest of the book because those jocks can also enter the entitlement. that is a phenomenon where in other places those could be rick at the gun show. but it's like old-fashioned -- >> guest: that is really interesting because the athletes, the homecoming kings, they also feel that they have entitlement. they would tell me we are walking around with targets on our back. everyone is looking to get us. we are the poor victims here. >> host: everyone wants to be a victim. like the relationship between the shooters and the jocks that you described, that could have
side of, you know, for guyland, i hung out in a firefighter bar not far from my mouse and new york city fire department, white as it gets, and so -- and i heard that -- i heard a little bit of that, but i have not gone back to listen to it around the mixed race marriage, son's afro. >> host: really, we're going to talk about this for how long? so anyway, yes. >> guest: sometimes it's out front. remember the guys know i'm not one of them. i make it clear i'm not going to try to portend and pass -- >> host: are they self-conscious about racism or not even? >> guest: well, see, that's the thing. the sexism is unself-conscious. >> host: interesting. >> guest: there's the occasional wife pillary, but there's never aceps of sexism because they are also proclaiming michele bachmann or palin. >> host: isn't it that the rage is channeled through probably a person, like an ex-wife or, you know, what i mean? it's a familiar -- >> guest: for other guys. >> host: not him necessarily, but you own sexism more because you have personal experience of a woman who was whatever. >> guest: you know, in our
educational spending more effective. and, you know, when i became mayor of the city of stanford, we had an i.t. department for the city government, and we had an i.t. department for the board of education, we had computers that were aging out before they were installed because there weren't enough people to get them installed in schools. it happened in district after district around the country. we decided to put those efforts together and to work together, and we lifted the technology integration -- now, this is way back in the dark ages of 1995, '96, '97, but we lifted the use of technology pretty substantial hi in a relatively short period of time in stanford. the other thing i found was that when i became mayor of the city of stanford, facilities. now, if you look, if you talk about communities, the single largest investment that almost every community across the country has is in its schools. it's physical infrastructure. it's the most be expensive building. it has a lot of testimonying. it's got a lot of -- technology. it's got a lot of stuff in the building. but if you then scratch th
. poor and middle-class, inner-city and rural folks, men and women and americans of all races. and as a consequence some of the social patterns that contribute to declining mobility that were once attributed to the urban poor and that's a particular problem for the inner-city, single-parent households or drug abuse. it turns out now we are seeing that pop up everywhere. a new study shows that disparities in education, mental health, obesity, absent fathers, isolation from church, isolation from community groups, these are now as much about growing up rich or poor as they are about anything else. the gap in test scores between poor kids and wealthy kids is now nearly twice what it is between white kids in black kids. kids with working-class parents are 10 times likelier than kids with middle or upper-class parents to go through time and their parents have no income. the fact is this, the opportunity gap in america is now as much about class as it is about race and that gap is growing. so for we are going to take on growing inequality and try to improve upward mobility for all p
in the suburbs. high, city steven. >> caller: hi. i'd like to ask the speakers, specifically david and julie, as somebody who is writing his own book on president nixon's vietnam policy, i'd be very interested to find out what, if any, advice president eisenhower might have given to president nixon on an informal basis how to conduct the war in vietnam? >> write about this extensively in hi going home to glory." >> we coveredded in a certain way, and it was -- what happens in late 1967 -- in fact there's a wonderful account that richard nixon wrote that was basically his last business meeting with dwight eisenhower, and what i see here is that a torch is passed. dwight eisenhower was somebody who knew two things. and first of all in his era, he knew the nature of soviet communism and knew america's importance in sort of holding up defending the free world. but he also knew that his perspective and his wisdom was generation-bound, and that the next generation -- and nixon represented the next generation -- would have to make its own evaluation of the situation. i think that what nix won was p
, the prime minister, his life three weeks later. ron brown's plane crashed in 1995. oklahoma city occurred in 1995. raising all kinds of other questions about intelligence and the relationship of those who collected intelligence abroad and those who collected it at home, how it should be shared, what should be done. meanwhile, they were trying to reserve the position as a true democrat small z in russia against opponents who wanted a more author authoritarian futurr going back to communism or forward with a kind of ultranationalism that would recreate in their own mind a 20th and 21st century version of a russian empire. meanwhile, we were seeing the emergence of terrorism justified by islamic politics and certain interpretation of religions. we already had the first world trade center bombing in 1993, remember, and the people hurt in bosnia were muslims. it was a source of concern to people all across the word. i received calls from both the pope and the king of saudi arabia asking me to intervene in bosnia. i wondered where that was the first time they had been on the same side of an iss
was a convoy driver, drove over 350 missions driving humvees, lmpvs and an iraqi city bus in downtown baghdad, and i provided all that information in my case. pictures taken by combat cameras of me driving. they still denieded me over and over and over again. i have ptsd, for a variety of reasons up to and including being a combat driver. when i filed the claim, they denied me right away, immediately. they said, you don't have it. our evaluators said that you must have had a bad childhood. no, actually, i didn't. my childhood wasn't terrible. it was not great. i was a kid, but it had to do with the issues that happened over there, and i was being treated by their own psychiatrist and their own psychologist for a year who said i had ptsd, but yet they still denied me. does that answer the questions, congressman? >> yes, yes. >> thank you very much. >> thank you very much, and i know my time expired. will we have another round? i know you have three -- can i have one more question? thank you very much. mrs. price, the va stated in the testimony that from 2009 to 2013, the average number of issu
likes like in the transparency that having these listening sessions in the cities where you granted, have regional offices, is okay as far as it goes. but what wonderful opportunity it would be to add some more listening sessions. and so i would love to you have submit to considering the other places including bismarck north dakota. >> i appreciate that. i want to tell you it's not extend what we're doing. those are the major listening sessions. the regional offices in our administrators are really branching out to the individual states. >> and i understand that. but i also nones a place like north dakota there's 17,000 jobs at stake and 3.5 billion is at stake. there are bunch of really wonderful smart expert scientists who work in this every single day. can provides lot of good information. a better method might be to hold a listening session there in public view for everybody to participate. so i would appreciate. i would love it if you commit we'll work out the details later. what time and cities. i want to get to the hydraulic infrastructuring study you are engaged in. i have c
cities so this would have been a coup for the oss and a coup for the roosevelt administration of the war. c-span: what is magic? >> guest: the us code crackers were working very hard prior to 1940 in breaking the japanese diplomatic code. they called it code purple. they finally broke that code, and there--there b--it was broken s--by a team led by a man named frank rowlett. rowlett and--and his people were now able, in effect, to place the president of the united states on the distribution list of the japanese foreign office because we're breaking these messages, they're available in a very sh--in a very short time. they may--it may be a message from the foreign offices in tokyo to the american--or to--excuse me--to the japanese ambassadors in washington. we're breaking that code and these messages go up to pre--to president roosevelt very quickly. and that's what the magic operation was. very important because our breaking of the japanese codes were responsible for our 1942 victory in the pacific at midway, which is a turning point of that war. and... c-span: frank rowlett is what kind
roman history at city college in brooklyn college government and politics at st. johns university and medieval culture at columbia university. he was also a key figure in any candidate for for the conservative party of new york. he passed away in 1991. henry's wife and intellectual partner of more than 50 years was ann belluci. she was an internationally acclaimed scholar and comparative literary studies as well as an award-winning playwright poet and fiction writer peered her most enduring critical were works on the playwrights edward albee and luigi -- in addition to leading the council and national literature for 30 years pre-she served on the national council or the humanities and is a trustee and chairman of the board of trustees at the city university of new york. she passed away in 2012. it was a ann who came to isi in early 2000's because she recognized isi is a conservative institution with an enduring commitment to culture. she also recognize that isi is a faithful steward of all its undertaking. her final than affection both endows this book award in perpetuity and will
the bdm had given the american people they immediately emptied this city i think that was the first idea most americans had that these people were psycho killers. although it had been said all along. so even if you cover one side the photographs representative of the truce but on the other hand, on the other side it is totally controlled so their atrocities and brutalities are covered up until finally it is taken over. maybe that is a crazy idea? >> you are absolutely right that is the difference between the democratic form of government and a dictatorship. you have to remember as far as the american public is concerned the communist was evil incarnate. recall the terrorist was not the vietcong soldier there were a terrorist attack of the government outpost. week killed 30 terrorist here and now we know they were organized political force fighting for a natural causes but we did not have to have pictures of them committing atrocities we were told that was happening all the time. why was america in vietnam with half a million troops to save from these vicious people and if that is the spr
of compliance with some of those regulations in almost every city and town. do you disagree on the importance of the regulations but the struggle to get back on the feet post recession to deal with an already crippling loss of state and federal dollars due to the budget situation here. the price tag of compliance can seem nearly impossible. the city was a combined overflow project is estimated to cost $185 million to date along with 8 million the debt payments every year. this is an old industrial city with an unemployment rate around 13% and income that struggled to break $30,000 a year. similarly, looking at $100,000 a year in additional spending for the storm water management. ithey've included a pilot progrm to reduce phosphorus in the waterway of that it is about $111 million up front. a price tag which is borne by the panel and would be felt tremendously by the local business. this around and towns are both looking at the bills of about 75 million to 30 million respectively in the program. when i talk to local officials and businesses, they want -- they have a genuine desire to be compl
that kansas city star was raided more in favor of reform than all the major metropolitan newspapers in the united states combined. as bill said himself told the interviewer i don't want the editorials to be a lot of literary essay but i want them to get schaede this done. that rejected the notion he is a builder recall to his work rather than a man on horseback. to rival from africa the clubs would form like napoleon.
are mired down in sacramento and, frankly, most of our city and county governments, in most of our school boards. we are -- and in washington d.c. we are mired down in such petty, destructive, negative politics, surrounded by campaigns of such unending viciousness and dishonesty that the entire fabric of our system's at stake. we need to breakout from this moment in american history. and what i found as i began to look around -- and this is truly what makes this, to me, one of the most extraordinary periods in american history. everywhere you go there are hard working, intelligent people who are pioneers of the to future. and we're inventing things in energy, they're inventing things in transportation, they're inventing things in learning, they're inventing things in going into space, they're inventing things in being dramatically more effective. and you go around s and you say show me the most interesting things that are happening right here in california. google has a self-driving car which has covered over 600,000 miles. given the way we came down today, i'm not sure how many hours tha
is it that washington dc has become so fabulously wealthy? why is there so much money flowing into that city? why is there so much money to be made? fundamentally it is about one thing. it's about the size and scope of government because it is indeed true that if you give politicians the opportunity to do something for you, they can also do something to you. and what you give the political class in washington the opportunity to pick winners and losers to make businesses in one of the successful or destroy those businesses based on the regulations and policies they approach you give them the power to extract and as long as we give them the power to extract, things in washington dc are only going to get worse. i would say thank you and take any questions that you might have. [applause] thank you. thank you. [applause] thank you. yes, questions. >> my question is though westway westerlies talks about citizens united and stephen cole there basically dedicates the show [inaudible] can you comment on the case and what should be done and how -- >> let me preface this by saying i'm not a lawyer so i don'
money into it. he spent time in a. the last event of the campaign was a union city, heavily hispanic down. he worked on getting the endorsement of the hispanic organizations and hispanic leaders. he was an avid hispanic bakery in the state. he made it a priority. he made it a dirty from day one. chris christie understands that what he brings to the table is the fact that he can get -- that he can increase the base. that he can increase the tent. that he can get crossover voters. so he needed to prove that come into did. he made it a priority. mitt romney didn't. don't blame the hispanics. >> so, my question, final question, would be, cannot you talk a lot about what the republican party needs and that white men are just not what they used to be, in terms of voting and you just had some chris christie at what he did to appeal to the republican party and hispanic vote. so who do you think, in your opinion, to be the candidate to bring the republican party back to the white house? >> i'm jaded, unbiased. is my friend. i know him. i love him. he speaks beautiful spanish but i think the b
favorite city, and as i always do, i pick up a copy of the glasgow evening times. and front page photo and lead story was that the south african government had confirmed that thing -- [inaudible] would be very much on the preferred list for the latest warship that they were seeking interest in globally. and there was a photo of the honorable gentleman and the president himself with the caption, "local mp ian davidson lobbying president mandela -- [laughter] on a recent visit to south africa." but the funny thing was when i looked at this photo, i had been airbrushed out -- [laughter] and perhaps that's been the story of my life ever since. [laughter] but i think that president mandela would admire the gilens of the honorable -- the guile of the honorable gentleman and the way he sought his opportunity. albeit, it wasn't in a mendacious way, but it wasn't in a particularly helpful way towards me. [laughter] the other occasion that i recall was when he was back to plain mr. mandela, post-presidency. and the years were beginning to show, and it was the night of the concert in pa fall garr
when i became mayor of the city of stanford facility. if you talk about communities, the single largest investment that almost every community across the country has is its school is the physical infrastructure. it's the most expensive building. has a lot of technology and a lot of stuff in the building. if you scratch the surface, as i did when i was new mayor of stanford. i realized the guy who was overseeing the paint then and construction of buildings had a doctorate in councilling. and point of fact there was not a single architect, there was not single engineer who worked for the system at that time. .. i remember you when you were mayor when we visited stanford and my question really relates to their relationship in piggybacks on your rick/question the relationship of schools and general-purpose government. in stanford you are one of them a oral pioneers in pushing the kinds of relationships that you just discussed. my question relates to this philosophy particularly in light of the profound demographic changes. have you been able to take the kinds of initiatives at the s
many expect great austin texas like many cities around the country is a rapidly developing restaurant community and we like most operators we now participate in multiple restaurant entities. various partners often with family members. that we consider each operation to be a small business many of us are discovering for the purpose of the health care law all of the businesses must be considered one employer to the aggregation rule. this threatens to stop the development of restaurants in our community. application of these aggregation rules is already having an impact on small businesses consuming bible time and resources is businesses attempt to decipher the law's effect on them. those of our small business is each have less than 50 full-time employees in the penalty would not be considered applicable to large employers. two are highly seasonal businesses and may not be considered large depending on the calendar month and uncontrollable factors such as whether or not our legislature is in session and the academic calendars related to surrounding universities. they summoned her standin
was a convoy driver, 350 missions. i drove humvees, even iraqi city bus in downtown bag that and provided all that information in my case. pictures taken by combat drivers of me driving. they still denied me over and over and over again. i have ptsd. for a variety of reasons. when i filed the claim, they denied me right away immediately. they said, you don't have it. our evaluator said he must have had a bad childhood. no, actually i didn't. my childhood wasn't terrible. it wasn't great. i was a kid, but it had to do with the issues that have been over there. i was being treated by their own psychiatrist or psychologist for for years that i etf e. yet they still denied me. does that answer your question, congressman? thank you very much. >> i know my time has expired. but we have another round? i know you have three. can i have one more question? stating from 2009 the average number of issues come including a disability claim increased from two-point name for 4.9 in the va is the shooting lanes as in organizational structure to process complex claims. three or more medical issues that did not
with him the entire day, when we were in the devastated city, our delegation visited a san ticks kit distry biewx and received a briefing is a medical doctor in my own state of new jersey. we met with numerous survivors who told us heart breaking story. somehow radiated a calm, and inner peace. one man told us how his father had drowned in only a few feet from where we stood. and he carried many water-logged dead bodies to a mass grave. he said he nearly collapsed emotionally; however, whenly carried a lifeless body of a 3-year-old girl. he said had he just broke down. he was overwhelmed. and he felt he could continue no more. amazingly, a few days later, there he was determined to rebuild and overcome. it was full of faith. that resiliency was best summed up by archbishop who said, and i quote, the typhoon was the strongest in the world. but our faith in the lord is even stronger. no calamity or natural devastates can quench the fire of our hope. the philippine soul is stronger than yo lane data. our plane was diverted to seek the helicopter that crashed in to the bay. after a flawless jus
information on booktv's recent visit to idaho and the many other cities visited by our local content vehicles, go to >> here's a look at some books published in 2012, booktv's 14th year on c-span2. dr. ben carson published "america the beautiful: what made this nation great." and rachel maddow released "drift: the unmooring of american military power." also published in 2012 buzz "it worked for me: in life and leadership" by colin powell. the former secretary of state was on booktv that year to talk about his book. >> it's very important that that rule had to be the summary of the 13 rules, and it links to the first one also that says, you know, things will get better in the morning. and i start that description by saying that's not necessarily the case, but it's the attitude you should have. things are going to get better, you're going to make them better. of it is within your life to make things better, and then if you go through the rules and end up with perpetual optimism as a force multiplier, force multiplier's a military term. we're always looking for ways to e
. >> there is with a similar bent in the late '80s when city corps set aside several billions of dollars against potential losses in its portfolio of country loans. that gave it the largest loss ever registered by a u.s. corporation that quarter but its share price went up and the reason was it sort of put a line under the loss it is was willing to take and remobilize part of that portfolio. there was a lot in resolving uncertainty which i think drives people to settle than string out the litigation. >> [inaudible] >> this is a question for another friend, dick hearing. -- herring. on the swap changes you discussed, interesting question. are we to understand that, that the proposal is that the collateral delivered at some point against the adverse mark-to-market of a swap counterparty would become a preference item as in bankruptcy and would be taken away from the holder of that collateral? is that how to understand this proposal? >> no. i probably explained it badly you about the idea is to avoid a race to seize assets of a bank in resolution while supposedly transformed into a bridge bank that is perfec
the budget and investing in the city's future. deit year after year. amazingly, public service was his third career. he began his life as a iron worker. a member of the united iron workers. he also worked as a shoemaker. in 1970, he moved to decoin with his wife wanda and his three kids. he brought together local shareholders and took control of a struggling local bank. he converted it into one of the soundest, most profitable banks in southern illinois. but it was john redenour's third career, his work as mayor of decoin, that really distinguished his public service. as a mayor, as i mentioned, he was a fiscal conservative but he was also a person who believed in giving people a chance. john redenour was a proud democrat. in fact, he was the former chairman of the illinois democratic party chairs. he rode on air force one with president jimmy carter and he had a good relationship with presidents, including president obama. the politicians whose careers he helped, launch or advanced could have filled a stadium, but he knew there are things that are more important than party politics. he alwa
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